Excess sinus mucus discharge from the nose can result from a number of conditions. A primary suspect is always sinusitis because infected sinuses can quickly fill with thick or dried secretions. And the small hole draining from the sinus into the nose can easily become blocked. But excess mucus production can also be caused by a variety of other health conditions such as viral/bacterial infections, allergies and gas/reflux problems (GERD).
When the system is functioning normally any bacteria that wander into the sinuses become trapped in the mucus and then eventually drain out, carrying the bacteria with it. But of course if the sinuses are blocked and the normal drainage cannot happen then the bacteria just multiply and there is an infection. So in normal working conditions when bacteria and dust particles are inhaled they are trapped in this blanket of mucus and cannot get to the lungs. Once they have ben trapped the cilia (small hairs) inside the nose act like oars and propel the mucus down the nose into the throat and thus to the stomach, where stomach acid gets rid of the invaders.
In x-rays thickening of the mucosa appears as grey areas. This thickening of mucus could be a “rebound” effect following overuse of decongestants. Decongestants can only really give some temporary relief and are not to be used over the long term. Mucus that’s got any color other than white or clear should generally be considered as indicating that there is an infection of the nasal mucosa, the paranasal sinus or, possibly it could also be an infection of the lower respiratory tract.
What Can I Tell From The Color of Sinus Mucus?
So if the mucus is yellow in color we can take it that the immune system is battling bacterial infection. When it turns from yellow to green then it is quite likely that the sinus mucus, which has thickened and stagnated, is a bacterial infection. It can be quite a challenge to diagnose sinusitis correctly in a child, because don’t forget that children can get viral respiratory illnesses (or Colds) at a rate of between two and nine occurrences a year.
In its normal healthy condition the membrane inside the nose should be moist and pink in color, just like your lips. A lot of sinus allergies revolve around pollen and so it is no surprise that spring is one of the worst times for sinusitis sufferers. In the spring the air is unusually dry, and with the start of the pollination season, this dry breeze easily carries the pollen along.
So what can be done? There are a number of sinusitis remedies available, which do not involve the use of drugs, and a lot of information on this subject is available at the website below. But a temporary relief of excess sinus mucus can be realised by the use of nasal irrigation. And gargling with saltwater once-a-day can assist in draining the sinuses. Click here for more details on sinus mucus.